According to the journal “Addiction”, most smokers that are trying to quit use electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) as their go-to-device for quitting smoking. It was published by the journal that smokers who use e-cigs are 60% more likely to succeed at quitting than those smokers who use the nicotine patch or gum.
In the United States there are at least six million people who smoke electronic cigarettes. The industry is expected to reach $1.5 billion in sales this year alone. In 2013, the total year sale from these e-cigs was $79 million.
Another study included a survey conducted by the Kantar Media Research Firm, which found that 57% of smokers who use a smoking cessation device choose e-cigs, while only 39% choose a drug and 30% choose nicotine gums and patches.
The FDA, however is concerned with the health risks of the use of these e-cig devices to stop smoking because studies have shown that they release formaldehyde and other carcinogens. Therefore; the FDA has issued warning letter to various e-cig manufactures. In these letters it is declared that claiming that electronic cigarettes help people quit smoking is illegal without FDA approval first. The companies have conducted little to no clinical trials and have no evidence to support their claims, therefore; before these companies can call their devices smoking cessation devices, the FDA must evaluate them for safety and effectiveness.
In April 2014, the FDA announced proposed rules to regulate e-cigs. The proposed rules will restrict the sale and purchase of e-cigs to children under the age of 18. Also, manufactures will be required to register their products with the FDA, report ingredients and market the products only after receiving FDA review and approval, and, most importantly the manufacturers cannot claim that the devices can be used to quit smoking, unless they undergo an FDA review first.