The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety studied over 1,700 crash videos involving teen drivers and discovered that distracted driving contributes to 58 percent of automobile crashes. Teen drivers are distracted in a much greater percentage of crashes then adult drivers. The analysis counted six types of distractions that caused crashes. The leading causes of crashes being the interaction with other passengers, made up 15 percent of crashes. The use of cell phones came in second at 12 percent, followed by looking at or for something inside the car, looking at something outside other than the road ahead, singing or moving to music, grooming and reaching for something were the other factors that contributed to distracted driving in teens.
The fact that teen drivers have spent less time behind the wheel and are unable to manage unsafe conditions are also factors in the study.
Parents can have a system installed in their vehicles that monitors the drivers movements and driving habits. These in car systems collect video, audio and acceleration date when the driver triggers the device by braking hard, taking a corner fast or receiving a hard impact. The video is about 12 seconds and it provides data on the eight seconds before and four seconds after the trigger. This system is made by Lytx and is also used in commercial and government vehicles.
The data analyzed by researchers comprised of over 6,800 videos of crashes involving drivers between the ages of 16 and 19 and between August 2007 and July 2013.
The research found that using a cell phone, be it for texting or calling, caused teen drivers to become distracted for an average of 4.1 seconds in the final six seconds before a crash impact. Also, when teen drivers caused rear end collisions, in more than half the time they crashed without braking or attempting to steer to avoid the collision.
In 2013, federal data showed that about 963,000 drivers between the ages of 16 and 19 were involved in crashes. These crashes caused 383,000 injuries and 2,865 deaths.